How to Structure URL Routing? – Navigate Your Website

How to Structure URL Routing? - Navigate Your Website

URL routing is a crucial aspect of web development that determines how web applications handle incoming requests from users. Essentially, it’s the process of mapping a URL to the appropriate action or resource on the server side. URL routing enables developers to create dynamic and responsive web applications that can serve up personalized content based on user input.

In this way, it plays a key role in enhancing the user experience and making web applications more functional and efficient. In this article, we will explore the basics of URL routing and delve into some of the key concepts and best practices for implementing it effectively.

What is URL Routing?

How to Structure URL Routing? - Navigate Your Website

To accept request URLs that do not correspond to actual files, you must configure an application with URL routing. The URL that a user types into their browser to access a page on your website is known as a request URL. Routing allows you to create URLs that are useful to visitors and can improve search engine optimization (SEO).

Importance of URL Routing

URL routing is an essential aspect of web development that provides a way to map URLs to specific web pages and resources.

Here are some of the key reasons why URL routing is important:

  • Improves website usability: URL routing helps to create a logical and intuitive structure for website URLs, making it easier for users to navigate and find the content they are looking for.
  • Enhances website SEO: A well-designed URL routing system can help improve a website’s search engine optimization (SEO) by making it easier for search engines to crawl and index web pages.
  • Supports dynamic content: URL routing allows developers to create dynamic web applications that can generate different outputs based on the input provided in the URL.
  • Enables RESTful APIs: URL routing is a critical component of RESTful APIs (Application Programming Interfaces), which are widely used for building web services and web applications.
  • Provides security: Proper URL routing techniques can also help improve website security by preventing unauthorized access to sensitive information and resources.

How Routing Works?

By exposing catalog contents like goods, variations, and categories using unique URLs, the Optimizely Customized Business routing system expands the Optimizely Content Management System (CMS) Routing system. A corresponding rendering template compiles the information given to the client browser. For example, to present a product listing, categories can have their rendering template and their URL.

  • Hierarchical URL: Following the catalog’s organizational structure, in the format domain/language/catalog/category/product.
  • Simple address/SEO URL: A single segment individually designating the language and the quality of content.

Types of Routing in SEO

Types of Routing in SEO

Routing is an essential aspect of web development and SEO. It is the process of directing website traffic to a particular web page. There are different types of routing in SEO. Each type of routing has its benefits and drawbacks.

  1. Static Routing

Static routing is the simplest form of routing. It involves creating a fixed path to a web page. Static routing is easy to implement and is suitable for websites that have a limited number of web pages. However, static routing can be challenging to manage for websites with a large number of web pages.

  1. Dynamic Routing

Dynamic routing involves creating a dynamic path to a web page. This means that the path changes depending on the user’s input. Dynamic routing is suitable for websites that have a large number of web pages. It is also easier to manage than static routing.

  1. Parameterized

Parameterized routing involves using parameters to create a dynamic path to a web page. This means that the path changes depending on the parameter passed in the URL. Parameterized routing is suitable for websites that have a large number of web pages and require dynamic content.

  1. Canonical Routing

Canonical routing is used to avoid duplicate content. It involves setting a canonical URL for a particular web page. This helps search engines identify the main URL for a web page and avoid indexing duplicate content.

  1. Redirect Routing

Redirect routing involves redirecting users from one URL to another. This is useful when a web page is moved to a new location or when a user mistypes a URL. Redirect routing helps to maintain the user experience and avoid broken links.

  1. URL Masking Routing

URL masking routing involves hiding the original URL of a web page and displaying a different URL. This is useful when the original URL is too long or contains unnecessary parameters. However, URL masking can be seen as a black hat SEO technique and can result in penalties from search engines.

How to Structure URL Routing?

URL routing is a crucial aspect of web development that involves mapping URLs to specific handlers or controller functions.

Here are the steps to structure URL routing:

Determine the URL Structure

The first step is to decide on the URL structure for your website. This will depend on the type of content you have and the user experience you want to provide. For example, you may choose to have a hierarchical structure with categories and subcategories or a flat structure with individual pages.

Define the Routes

Once you have decided on the URL structure, you need to define the routes. This involves mapping the URLs to specific handlers or controller functions that will handle the requests. You can use a routing framework or library to help you with this.

Use HTTP Methods

HTTP methods such as GET, POST, PUT, and DELETE are used to perform different actions on the server. You need to map the URLs to the appropriate HTTP methods to ensure that the correct action is performed.

Use Parameters

Parameters can be used to pass additional information to the server. You can include parameters in the URL or the request body. You need to define the parameters and map them to the appropriate handlers.

Handle Errors

You need to handle errors that may occur during URL routing. When you encounter a routing error, it’s important to provide your users with clear and concise error messages. Use HTTP error codes (such as 404 for “Not Found” errors) and provide a descriptive message that explains what went wrong and how to fix it.

This includes handling 404 errors when a URL is not found and 500 errors when there is an internal server error.

Test the Routing

 how to structure url routing

Testing the routes is essential for the web. You need to test the routing to ensure that it is working as expected. You can use tools such as Postman or cURL to test the different routes and ensure that they are returning the correct responses.


Routing is a crucial aspect of SEO as it helps search engines navigate and understand the structure of a website. By implementing a well-designed routing system, website owners can ensure that their content is easily discoverable and accessible to both users and search engines.

However, it’s essential to keep in mind that while routing is important, it’s not the only factor that affects SEO. Other factors, such as content quality, backlinks, and on-page optimization, also play a significant role in determining a website’s ranking on search engine results pages. Therefore, it’s necessary to approach SEO comprehensively and ensure that all aspects are optimized for maximum visibility and traffic.